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The Abstract development stage is a tremendously exciting moment in the research process, and here at Nfojo Research, our dissertation consultants have developed a unique and comprehensive approach to supporting our clients as they finalize their work.

There are four major structural components, each making up a part of the 150 to 350 words that are typically written in dissertation abstracts:

Study background and significance

  • What is the purpose of the research?
  • Why did you carry out the research?
  • How is the study significant? Why should anyone care or why do they care (is the study interesting)?

Components of your research strategy

  • What research design guided your study?
  • What was the scope of your study?
  • What research methods did you use?
  • What were the main ideas, constructs and/or variables that you examined, measured, controlled and/or ignored?
  • What was your unit of analysis?
  • What was your sample (and population)?
  • What analysis techniques did you use to arrive at your findings?

Major findings

  • Did the findings answer your research questions and/or hypotheses?
  • What did the findings show in terms of these research questions and/or hypotheses?
  • What are the most important findings?
  • What is the significance of your findings?
  • To what extent are your findings trustworthy (i.e., reliable, generalisable, consistent, dependable, etc.)?


  • What has been learned?
  • What are the implications of the findings?
  • Is there potential for generalisation of your findings?
  • What are the limitations of your research?